Jeffrey Kassing, Zachary McDowell
Communication Research Reports Vol. 25, No. 1, February 2008, pp. 34–43
Publication year: 2008

This study examined the relationship between employees’ perceptions of justice within their organizations and their tendencies for expressing dissent. A sample of full-time working adults (N ¼ 141) completed a survey instrument. Results indicated that managers’ perceptions of justice related positively to their use of upward dissent and negatively to their use of displaced dissent, and that non-managers’ perceptions of justice related negatively to their use of latent and displaced dissent. Overall, the findings suggest that although managers and non-managers respond differently to perceptions of justice, how fair employees perceive organizational decision-making practices to be relates to their dissent expression.